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This Day in history — September 26

Wednesday, September 26, 2018

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Today is the 269th day of 2018. There are 96 days left in the year.

TODAY'S HIGHLIGHT

2008: The list of products caught in China's tainted milk scandal grows to include baby cereal in Hong Kong and snack foods in Japan.

OTHER EVENTS

1580: Francis Drake brings his ship, the Golden Hind, laden with gold and spices into Plymouth harbour, England, becoming the first captain to circumnavigate the globe.

1679: Danes give up their claim to what is now southern Sweden by the Treaty of Lund.

1815: Anti-liberal Holy Alliance is formed between Austria, Russia and Prussia to maintain Vienna Settlement, which revised map of Europe.

1850: France restricts press freedom.

1907: New Zealand becomes a self-governing dominion within British Commonwealth.

1918: Allies launch offensive that eventually breaks Germany's Hindenburg Line in World War I.

1950: United Nations forces recapture Seoul, capital of South Korea.

1954: An estimated 1,168 people die when the ferryboat Toya Maru capsises off Hokkaido Island, Japan.

1962: Imam Badr is driven from power in Yemen, ending a more than 1,000-year dynasty.

1969: Leftist military junta overthrows Government of Bolivia.

1970: Jordan's King Hussein names new Government to placate critics who accused him of plotting to liquidate Palestinian guerrillas in his country.

1976: Leaders of five black African nations decline to accept plan presented by Rhodesia's Prime Minister Ian Smith to achieve black majority rule in Rhodesia.

1980: The Cuban Government abruptly closes Mariel Harbour, ending the freedom flotilla of Cuban refugees into the United States that began the previous April.

1984: Britain and China initial agreement that will return Hong Kong to Chinese rule in 1997.

1989: Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze tells UN General Assembly that Moscow will join United States in reducing or destroying all chemical weapons.

1992: South African President F W de Klerk and African National Congress President Nelson Mandela end a four-month stalemate over political violence and the structure of a post-apartheid Government.

1997: Earthquakes in central Italy kill 11 people and cause the collapse of the Basilica of St Francis of Assisi.

1998: Vladimir Meciar's party loses in Slovakian parliamentary elections, forcing a change of Government in Central Europe's bastion of authoritarianism.

1999: Explosions rip through a busy shopping area in the central Mexican city of Celaya, killing 61 people and injuring more than 300 others.

2001: Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat and Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres meet at the Gaza International Airport in the Gaza Strip to move forward with measures for an Israeli-Palestinian ceasefire.

2002: An ocean ferry owned and operated by Senegal capsises off the coast of Gambia in the Atlantic Ocean, en route to the Senegalese capital, Dakar. About 1,034 people perish and 64 are rescued.

2004: Armed militiamen surge into a border area near a western village, where some of the first Darfur refugees attempting to return to their raided homes headed, raising further concern about how quickly 1.4 million displaced Sudanese will be able to return home.

2009: Pope Benedict XVI seeks to reach out to the heavily secular people of the Czech Republic, decrying the “wounds” left by atheistic communism and urging them to rediscover their Christian roots.

2010: President Hugo Chavez holds on to a congressional majority in Venezuela's elections, but his opponents make gains that could help them challenge his grip on power.

2011: Two thousand years after they were written and decades after they were found in desert caves, some of the world-famous Dead Sea Scrolls go online for the first time in a project launched by Israel's national museum and the web giant Google.

2012: Syrian rebels strike deep into the fortress-like inner sanctum of President Bashar Assad's rule in Damascus, detonating two car bombs that engulf the army headquarters in flames.

TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS

Ivan Petrovich Pavlov, Russian physiologist and Nobel laureate (1849-1936); T(homas) S(tearns) Eliot, British writer and Nobel laureate (1888-1965); Martin Heidegger, German philosopher (1889-1976); Pope Paul VI (Italian Giovanni Montini) (1897-1978); Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, South African anti-apartheid activist and politician, and the ex-wife of Nelson Mandela (1936-2018)

— AP

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